The prevalence of obesity and its related medical consequences are increasing in many countries. Obesity has now become a major global problem. Obesity has been found to increase the risk of morbidities and mortalities including cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, gallbladder disease, respiratory disease, cancer, arthritis and gout. The growing prevalence of childhood obesity highlights two major problems for health professionals: (1) the identification and adoption of population-based prevention strategies involving healthy lifestyle beginning early in life and, (2) the need to identify high risk obese children for targeted interventions. There is some agreement, that the assessment of fat distribution (visceral fat in particular), may be a useful approach for determining risk of disease associated with obesity. On the other hand, structured form of exercise may also be directed to improvement of a person’s general health including body composition, physical fitness or as physical therapy, to augment an existing treatment to remedy or to ameliorate the effects of a disease or illness upon the body. In this back drop, a study has been undertaken on randomly selected 14 male adolescents of age range 12-16 years, receiving training in football for at least a period of 3 years and practiced regularly for at least an hour with no chronic disease history, constituted the experimental group (EG). 12 male individuals of comparable age and socio-economic background, but not receiving training in any form of exercise constituted the control group (CG) .It has been observed that male adolescent individuals receiving training in football regularly have significantly (P < 0.05) higher physical fitness but significantly (P < 0.05) lower obesity indices compared to their age matched counterparts. It may be concluded that football is a beneficial way of exercising; it can serve as potential tool for fitness and optimum body composition of bengalee adolescent males.
Keyword: Body Composition; Cardiovascular Disease; Health Problems; Exercise; Fat Deposition. Corresponding Author
: Mukherjee Shankarashis*