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International Journal of Pediatric Nursing

Volume  2, Issue 2, May-Aug 2016, Pages 93-98

 

Review Article

Speech Disorders in Children: A Short Review
Havilah Jayakumar*, Neeraja Karthi**
*Speech – Language Pathologist Department of Neurology Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore, India. ** Consultant Speech- Language Pathologist, Shanthi Hospital and Research Center, Bangalore.
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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21088/ijpen.2454.9126.2216.5

Abstract

 Speech is a form of communication which is done verbally.A Speech-Language Pathologist is concerned with the assessment, diagnosis and management of the disorders pertaining to Speech and Language. Speech is a unique act performed by humans with the co-ordination and normal functioning of the respiratory system, phonatory system, articulatory system, resonatory system and nervous system.To understand the disorders of speech it is essential to know the components of Speech, which are fluency, articulation, voice and prosody. Each component plays an important role in normal speech. When there is a breakdown in one or more components it results in a speech disorder. Disorders of speech can be a result of structural and/or functional abnormalities. When a child is suspected to have disordered speech, an SLP will examine thoroughly. Informal and formal tests will also be administered as and when required. Suitable therapeutic strategies are then employed or suggested for intervention. A multidisciplinary team approach right from suspicion of a disorder, to management would give the best outcome for the child.

Keywords: Communication; Speech; Language; Speech Language Pathologist, Speech Disorders; Fluency; Articulation; Voice and Prosody.


Corresponding Author : Havilah Jayakumar*