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International Journal of Pediatric Nursing

Volume  2, Issue 2, May-Aug 2016, Pages 77-81

 

Review Article

An Insight into the Causes of Hearing Loss in Neonates and Children
Pradeep Yuvaraj*, Hari Prakash**, Vijay Valli***
*Department of Speech Pathology & Audiology National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences (Institute of National Importance) Bangalore, Karnataka. **Dept of Speech and Hearing, School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University Manipal, Karna
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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21088/ijpen.2454.9126.2216.2

Abstract

 World health organization estimates around 32 million children suffer from hearing loss. Hearing loss significantly affects the speech and language development of children. Onset of causes for hearing loss can occur as early as at embryonic development. Understanding hearing loss and their causes facilitates early intervention.The article provides an intuition into the reversible and irreversible causes for hearing loss at different stages through childhood.

Keywords: Conductive Hearing Loss; Sensori-Neural Hearing Loss; Syndromic; Non-Syndromic; Otitis Media; Pre-Natal; Peri-Natal; Post -Natal.


Corresponding Author : Pradeep Yuvaraj*