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Indian Journal of Forensic Odontology

Volume  9, Issue 1,  January - June 2016, Pages 49-53

 

Original Article

Computer Aided Dental Identification: A New Era in Forensic Dentistry
Akhilanand Chaurasia*, Divyajeet Goel**
*Assistant Professor, **Junior Resident, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George’s Medical Unniversity, Lucknow.
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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21088/ijfo.0974.505X.9116.9

Abstract

 Forensic odontologist have taken several leaps in recent years to simplify the diversity of dental characteristics to facilitate comparison and identification of individuals particularly following a mass disaster. The first reported computer­aided dental identification system, Dental Identification Package was described by Kogon et al in 1974. Siegel et al (in 1977) proposed quantifying dental characteristics by giving weight to each in a changeable algorithm. This was followed by the introduction of Computer Assisted Postmortem Identification (CAPMI) program by Lorton et al which leads to publication of several programs with different matching philosophies. These computer programs have been assisting forensic odontologist in identifying victims of mass disasters by producing possible matches. This paper describes the different dimensions of computer application in Forensic dentistry. 

Keywords: Dental Identification Package; Disaster Identification; Computer­Aided Anti­Mortem Identification Systems; Forensic Dentistry.


Corresponding Author : Akhilanand Chaurasia*