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Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology

Volume  14, Issue 3(Special Issue), July - September 2021, Pages 651-658


Review Article

Microbiology as Forensic Tool in Investigation of Bioterrorism
1Vandana Singh, 2Amit Pratap Singh Chouhan
1Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, 2Assistant Professor, Department of Radiology, School of Allied Health sciences, Sharda University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh 244001, India, India
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Bio weapons were always a known part of wars and are very much acknowledged form of terrorism even from Ancient times. Microbes can be used as good arms as their mass production does not require much skills, quantity, and time, along with that they can grow well in numbers from a single cell. Highly pathogenic micro-organisms and their toxins are always in concern as they were used as Microbial-terrorism, one of the much-known examples of bioterror is spores of Anthrax attacks at United State in 2001. The word ‘microbial-terrorism’, itself Indicates, the use of pathogenic microbes, to be dispersed among the group of people/ in certain areas/ or certain countries as a fatal disease, which act as an epidemic or sometimes pandemic. In view of these Forensics investigations, microbiology plays an important role such as sample handling, configuring, tackling, investigating, and validating of bio crimes. The main purpose of this review on Microbiology as forensics tool is to explain how microbiology helps in the investigation of bioterrorism, and also to suggest the systematic scientific diagnoses of bioweapon. With this knowledge, people and nations can be secured from emergent bio-threat of future. key messages: Microbial forensics is one of the most essential and significant technologies for detecting bioterrorism and bioweapons. As microbes are associated with decomposition that can impact the investigation results of autopsy, toxicological studies, and histological views. As a resutlt, microbialforensics can always be of tremendous assistance in criminal investigations.

Corresponding Author : Vandana Singh