Sea buckthorn commonly known as “Cold Desert Gold” due to its high potential as a bio-resource for land reclamation, reducing soil erosion, medicinal and nutritional properties in the leaves & fruits. In India, it’s fruit is also known as Leh berries or miracle fruits. In ancient Greece, the leaves of Sea buckthorn when added to horse fodder were found to result in weight gain and shiny hair, thus the Latin name ‘Hippo’ means Horse and ‘Phaos’ means Gloss or flare i.e. ‘Hippophae’ meaning shining horse is an ancient plant with modern virtues, due to its nutritional and medicinal value. All parts of Sea buckthorn e.g. berries, leaves, and seed or pulp oils contain many bioactive compounds. They are a rich source of natural antioxidants such as ascorbic acid, tocopherols, carotenoids, fla-vonoids, while they contain proteins, vitamins (especially vitamin C), minerals, lipids (mainly unsaturated fatty acids), sugars, organic acids and phytosterols. livestock and human studies suggest that sea buckthorn may have various beneficial effects: cardioprotective, antiatherogenic, antioxidant, anti-cancer, immunomodulatory, anti-bacterial, antiviral, wound healing and anti- nflammatory. Several studies showed that the leaves & fruit residues of SBT could be used to feed poultry and livestock without accumulation of toxins and the feed also had a stimulating effect on growth and performance of poultry birds & livestock. Therefore, it would be worthwhile to perform more scientific research on this medicinal plant and to promote its largescale utilization for livestock and poultry health, production & welfare.
Keywords: Aflatoxin, Bio-Resource, Dioecious, Hippophae, Sea Buckthorn, TherapeuticCorresponding Author
: D.N. Singh*