Our ancient literatures of Hindus’, Muslims as well as of Cristian’s are full of plants described about their nutrimental and medicinal potential. A significant number of plants described in their texts are still unidentified because of least or no interest in plant taxonomy among neither grate scientists in well-developed different organisations nor respected
teachers of Universities or Colleges of repute. We can say with confidence that there are no teachers who can teach Plant Taxonomy in significant numbers of academic institutions. A man of Biotechnology can do nothing if he/she cannot identify the plant on which the work has to be worked out. As a result, due to non-identification of plants we
cannot use our wealth of knowledge which has been provided by our ancestors present in form of scripts. We were presented a book written by Dr. M.I.H. Farooqi entitled “Quruani Poudhe-Vagayanic Dhristi Se” while in Seminar organised by UP Biodiversity Board, Lucknow. We found that there are seventy-one plants being reported in Holy Qur’an and Bible. We have consulted the literatures available as well as the tribal of Bahraich about the uses of the plants available. The perusal of the alphabetical list of plants of Holy Qur’an reveals that there are 71 plant species representing 48 genera of 30 families. Brassicaceae, Cucurbitaceae and Moraceae family were found to be the biggest
family represented by 6 plant species each whereas Caesalpiniaceae, Papilionoideae and Poaceae with 5 plant species each; Rosaceae and Rhamnaceae with 4 plant apecies; Mimosaceae, Liliaceae, Pinaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Oleaceae, Lytharaceae, Lamiaceae and Arecaceae with 2 plant species and rest fourteen species viz., Malvaceae, Asclepidiaceae, Lauraceae, Bixaceae, Dipterocarpaceae, Juglandaceae, Cuprassaceae, Lecnoraceae, Loranthaceae, Anacardiaceae, Sterculiaceae, Ericaceae, Salvadoraceae, and Vitaceae is being represented by single plant species each.
Keywords: Ethnobotanical; Ethnomedicinal; Potential; Plants; Qur’an.
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