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Indian Journal of Anesthesia and Analgesia

Volume  5, Issue 12, December 2018, Pages 2103-2106

 

Original Article

Comparison of 0.5% Bupivacaine with 0.5% Bupivacaine and Dexamethasone in Peribulbar Block for Small Incision Cataract Surgery: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study
Shantala Arun Kumar1, Shaik Nilofer Ahmed2, Arun Kumar3
1Professor and Head of Department of Ophthalmology 2Post Graduate 3Professor and Head, Department of Anaesthesiology, S.S. Institute of Medical Science and Research Centre, Davangere, Karnataka 577005, India.
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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21088/ijaa.2349.8471.51218.21

Abstract

  Objective: To compare the anesthetic efficacy and postoperative analgesia between 0.5% bupivacaine and 2mg dexamethasone and 0.5% bupivacaine alone in peribular block for small incision cataract surgery. Methods: 50 patients were randomized into 2 groups of 25 each to receive peribulbar anesthesia using 0.5% bupivacaine and 2mg dexamethasone in group I and 0.5% bupivacaine alone in group II. The patients were assessed for onset and duration of akinesia and postoperative analgesia. Results: Akinesia was achieved faster (6.32±1.11 mins) in group II when compared to group I (14.12±2.99 mins) which was statistically significant. The duration of akinesia was longer in group I (2.52±0.51 hrs) when compared to group II (1.36±0.40 hrs) which was also significant. The VAS scores were significantly lower at 0, 1, 2 hrs in group I than group II. Conclusion: The addition of dexamethasone to bupivacaine in peribulbar block provided prolonged duration of akinesia and analgesia with lower VAS scores postoperatively. 

Keywords: Bupivacaine; Dexamethasone; Peribulbar Block; Postop Analgesia.


Corresponding Author : Shaik Nilofer Ahmed, Final Year Postgraduate, Department of Anesthesiology, S.S. Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Davanagere, Karnataka 577005, India.