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Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy Journal

Volume  15, Issue 1, January-March 2022, Pages 25-30


Original Article

Prevalence and Incidence of Upper Cross Syndrome in Paramedical Students Due to Electrical Learning: Cross Sectional Study
Amit S Patel1, Zankhna D Patel2, Twinkle N Chudgar3, Jahnvi A Tailor4, Naresh R Ray
1Principal, 2Assistant Professor, 3-5Intern, Department of Physiotherapy, M. B. Gohil Instiitute of Medical Science and Research Center, College of Physiotherapy, Navsari 396445, Gujarat, India.
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Background: Upper cross syndrome (UCS) refers to specific altered muscles activation and changed movement pattern along with some postural deviation in the upper quarter of the body. This syndrome contributes to the dysfunction of Craniovertebral angle, kyphotic angle, C7 shoulder angle, Deep flexor strength and Pectoralis minor length. Purpose of the Study: The aim of study is to evaluate the prevalence and incidence of the upper cross syndrome among the paramedical students due to electrical learning. Objective: This study shows the Prevalence and Incidence of the Upper Cross Syndrome among the various paramedical students of south Gujarat region due to electrical learning during this pandemic period. Subjects and Method: The cross sectional study with 121 samples was with age of 18-22 years. With minimum online study duration of 2hrs. Statistical Analysis Used: The data analysis was done by the Microsoft excel version and Acrobat reader. Result: The result shows that the prevalence and incidence of UCS in paramedical students is 63% the prevalence of UCS in male was 15% and in female was 85%. The prevalence of UCS in nursing students was 29%, physiotherapy students was 62%, optometry 9%. Conclusion: During this pandemic high prevalence of upper cross syndrome in paramedical students was found . It has been concluded that more use of electrical gadget can lead to adaptation of poor posture and so lead to upper cross syndrome. The results of the study suggest focusing more on postural awareness and proper use of electrical device in paramedical students

Corresponding Author : Zankhna D Patel