Medical termination of pregnancy (MTP) is done before the foetus gains viability i.e., before 20 weeks of pregnancy. MTP has been legalized by Government of India. Worldwide approximately 40 million abortions have been done per year or 40-70 per 1000 women of reproductive age group with an abortion ratio of 260- 450/1000 live births. In India, about 6 million abortions take place every year; of which 4 million are induced and 2 million are spontaneous. The mortality rate associated with MTP is 5.4 per lakh.
: M. Shashidhar Kotian